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Francis Eaton[1, 2]

Male - 1633


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  • Name Francis Eaton 
    Born England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Baptism 11 Sep 1596  Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Address:
    St. Thomas 
    Misc 11 Nov 1620  Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    signed the Mayflower Compact 
    Misc Dec 1620  Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    MAYFLOWER PILGRIM 
    Occupation Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    carpenter 
    Possessions 1623  Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    granted four acres as passenger of the Mayflower in 1623 division 
    Residence 25 Mar 1633  Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    assessed 9s in 1633 Plymouth tax list 
    • Does not appear in the 1634 tax list.
    Died 25 Oct 1633–8 Nov 1633  Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 4, 5
    • Appears on a tax list on 25 Mar 1633. Estate was inventoried on 8 Nov 1633. So, he died between these dates. On 1 July 1633, he does not appear on a list of mowers, so he could be dead by that point.
    Person ID I8711  Scott Dickson's Family
    Last Modified 28 Jan 2018 

    Father John Eaton,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Mother Dorothy Smith,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F3429  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Sarah,   d. 1621, Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Married BY 1619  England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Children 
     1. Samuel Eaton,   b. 1619–1620, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 1 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F3430  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Dorothy,   d. Abt 1624, Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Married Abt 1622–1623  Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Last Modified 1 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F3402  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Christian Penn,   b. CA 1607, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. CA 1684, Middleboro, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 77 years)  [1, 2, 4
    Married Abt 1624  Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5, 6
    • Francis Eaton and Christian Penn had three children. He brought at least one child into the marriage by his previous wives.
    Children 
     1. Rachel Eaton,   b. Abt 1625, Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Benjamin Eaton,   b. Mar 1627/8, Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Jan 1711/2, Plympton, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 83 years)
     3. Eaton,   b. Aft 22 May 1627, Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 1 Sep 2018 
    Family ID F3356  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - - England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBaptism - Address:
    St. Thomas - 11 Sep 1596 - Bristol, Gloucestershire, England
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - BY 1619 - England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMisc - signed the Mayflower Compact - 11 Nov 1620 - Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMisc - MAYFLOWER PILGRIM - Dec 1620 - Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - carpenter - - Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsPossessions - granted four acres as passenger of the Mayflower in 1623 division - 1623 - Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Abt 1622–1623 - Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Abt 1624 - Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - assessed 9s in 1633 Plymouth tax list - 25 Mar 1633 - Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 25 Oct 1633–8 Nov 1633 - Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • http://mayflower.americanancestors.org/francis-eaton-biography

      From FindaGrave:
      Pilgrim Francis Eaton married 3rd, about 1624. CHRISTIAN PENN , a passenger on the Anne; she married 2nd, in July 1634, Francis Billington, son of JOHN BILLINGTON.
      Francis & Christian had 3 children: Rachel Ramsden, Benjamin, & a child who was deemed an idiot and not named in any record, though he/she lived at least to the age of 21.
      Source: Anderson's Great Migration Study Project.

      Find A Grave contributor Julie Evans adds:
      Christian Penn:
      b. Abt 1607, England.
      m. (1) Bet 1625 - 1634, MA, Francis Eaton.
      m. (2) Jul 1634, Plymouth, Plymouth Co., MA, USA, Francis Billington.
      d. Jul 1684, Middleboro, Plymouth Co., MA.
      Burial: Unknown
      Christian PENN #18970, (daughter of George PENN #18982 and Elizabeth _______ #18983)
      Born: Abt 1607 in England.
      While she did not come to America on the Mayflower, she arrived shortly thereafter, between 1621 - 1632.
      m. (1) Marriage: Francis Eaton between 1625 - 1634. Maybe before 1632 and probably before 1627. Three children.
      m. (2) Marriage: Francis Billington to Christian Penn (Eaton), July 1634, Plymouth. Nine children. m. Jul 1634, in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, to Francis Billington,
      In July 1634, Francis married Christian Eaton, the widow of Mayflower passenger Francis Eaton who had died the previous year autumn.
      Christian brought three of her own children, and one step-child from her deceased husband's previous marriage, all under the age of 14.
      With Francis Billington, she had nine more children.
      They raised their family at Plymouth, and moved in their later years to Middleboro, where they both died in 1684.
      The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers, p. 156:
      "CHRISTIAN PENN
      THIS passenger is assumed to be a female but no connection with any other passenger is known. She received one share in the 1627 division. As the second wife of Francis Eaton (q. v.) of the Mayflower bears this rare baptismal name it seems probable that she married him between 1627 and 1633."
      The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers, Additions and Corrections p. vii:
      "Page 156: CHRISTIAN PENN. She received one share in the 1623 division. As Christian Eaton she received one share in the 1627 division, so she married Francis Eaton before 1627. As they had a daughter, Rachell in 1627 they probably married around 1625."
      Mayflower Births & Deaths, Vol. 1, page 448, <1>:
      "<1> p. 438, The name of Francis' [Eaton] 2nd wife is not known. It is believed that she might be the unnamed maid servant who came with the Carver family on the Mayflower. Gov. Bradford said she had "married and died a year or two after". The files do not identify his 3rd wife, she was Christian Penn who married 2nd Francis Billington."
      Mayflower Births & Deaths, Vol. 1:
      Francis EATON1, d. pre 8 Nov. 1633, Plymouth (inv.)
      Sarah ( ) EATON, d. 1621, Plymouth
      CHILD OF Francis EATON1 & 1st Sarah ( ): <1>
      Samuel EATON2, b. 1620, England
      CHILDREN OF Francis EATON1 & 3rd Christian ( ): (3) <1>
      Rachel EATON2, b. c1625; d. pre Oct. 1661* Benjamin EATON2, b. aft. 1 June 1627 ; d. 16 Jan. 1711/2, Plympton, "aged" <2> Child, b. ( ), d. aft. 1650, unm."
      Mayflower Births & Deaths, Vol. I:
      Children of Francis Billington & Christian (Penn) Eaton:
      Elizabeth
      Joseph
      Martha
      Mary
      Isaac
      Child, b. pre 1651, d.y.
      Rebecca
      Dorcas, b. c1650; d. aft. 1711; m. Edward May, d. 10 Aug. 1691, Plymouth Mercy
      [NOTE: Is unnamed child Francis, Jr? Is Dorcas who I have as Desire?].
      Mayflower Births & Deaths, Vol. 1, p. 106-111:
      "JOHN BILLINGTON
      MICRO #1 OF 2
      John BILLINGTON1, d. 1630, Plymouth <1>
      CHILDREN OF John BILLINGTON1 & Elinor ( ): (2)
      John BILLINGTON2, d. pre 1630 <1>
      Francis BILLINGTON2, b. c1604-06 ; d. 3 Dec 1684 <1>
      Thomas BILLINGTON, d. pre 1 May 1662, Taunton (inv.)
      Mrs. Abraham BILLINGTON, d. 1825
      CHILDREN of Samuel BILLINGTON & Eliza Nickerson (dau of David); (4)
      Levi BILLINGTON, b. ( )
      Eliza BILLINGTON, b. ( )
      Samuel BILLINGTON, b. ( )
      Mary BILLINGTON, b. ( )
      FRANCIS BILLINGTON2 (John1)
      CHILDREN OF Francis BILLINGTON2 & Christian (PENN) Eaton: (9) <2>
      Elisabeth BILLINGTON3, b. 10 July 1635; d. aft. 22 Mar. 1709/10, Providence RI
      Joseph BILLINGTON3, b. pre Feb. 1736/37; d. betw. 7 Jan 1684/5 - 1692, prob. Block Island RI
      Martha BILLINGTON3, b. c1638; d. aft 9 Jun 1704, Plainfield CT
      Mary BILLINGTON3, b. c1640; d. aft. 28 Jun 1717
      Isaac BILLINGTON3, b. c1644, d. 11 Dec. 1909, ae 66, Middleboro
      Child, b. pre 1650, d.y.
      Rebecca BILLINGTON3, b. 8 June 1647; poss. d. y.
      Dorcas BILLINGTON3, b. c1650; d. aft 1711
      Mercy BILLINGTON3, b. 25 Feb. 1651/2; d. 28 Sept. 1718, Rehoboth
      Edward MAY, d. 10 Aug. 1691, Plymouth <3>
      CHILDREN OF EDWARD MAY & Dorcas BILLINGTON3: <4>
      CHILDREN OF Richard Bullock & Elizabeth BILLINGTON3: (4) <5>
      ...."
      [p. 109]
      "CHILDREN OF John MARTIN & Mercy BILLINGTON3: (4)
      John MARTIN4, 10 Jun 1682
      Robert Martin4, b. 9 Sept. 1683
      Desire MARTIN4, b. 20 Mar. 1684/5
      Francis MARTIN4, b. 7 May 1686
      Desire CARPENTER5 (Desire Martin4), b. 3 June 1716; d. 28 May 1800, Stevens Corner Cem., Rehoboth
      Hezekiah HIX, b. c1715, d. 5 Feb. 1788*, ae 73, Stevens Corner Cem,, Rehoboth
      CHILDREN OF Hezekiah HIX & Desire Carpenter5: (8)
      Hannah HIX6, b. 17 May 1740
      James HIX6, b. 21 Apr. 1742
      Mary HIX6, b. 17 Mar. 1746/7
      Desire HIX6, b. 27 Dec. 1750
      Gideon HIX6, b. 26 May 1752
      Jotham HIX6, b. 26 May 1752 (twin)
      Nathan HIX6, b. c1761*
      Renew CARPENTER5 (Desire Martin4), b. 6 Jun 1714, d. 9 Feb. 1787, Stevens Corner Cem., Rehoboth
      Jabez Round, b. c1708, d. 14 Mar. 1790, Stevens Corner Cem., Rehoboth <28>
      CHILDREN OF Jabez ROUND & Renew CARPENTER5: (11)
      Isaac ROUND6, B. 23 Jan. 1733/4
      Jabez ROUND6, b. 8 Jan. 1735/6; d. 20 May 1806*"
      [p. 110]
      "110 BILLINGTON
      Abigail ROUND6, b. Jan. 1740
      Isaiah ROUND6, b. 30 Jan. 1741
      Rebecca ROUND6, b. 21 Mar. 1742
      Sibbel ROUND6, b. 10 Sept. 1744
      Oliver ROUND6, b. 1 Apr 1747
      Rhoda ROUND6, b. 26 Jan. 1750
      Esther ROUND6, b. 8 Oct 1752
      Simeon ROUND6, b. 4 Feb. 1755
      ************
      FOOTNOTES
      <1> p. 106, John Billington, b. c1580, poss. Lincolnshire, Eng. , d. in Sept. 1630 when he was executed for murder. His wife Elinor (not Helen or Ellen), maiden name unknown, and was living 2 Mar. 1642/3, the wife of Gregory Armstrong.
      John Billington2 was living at the time of the May 1627 Cattle Division but deceased at the time of his father's death in Sept. 1630.
      Francis Billington2's year of birth is uncertain due to conflicting records. He was thought to be "aged forty years or thereabouts" in 1649 (b. c1909) ; age 68 in 1674 (b. c1606) ; and age 80 when he died in 1684 (b. c1604) .
      <2> p. 106, There is no file sheet listing all the children of Francis & Christian so they have been added for easier reference.
      Christian (Penn) Eaton is said to have died c1684 (Stoddard:115 says July 1684). The petition of her son, Isaac Billington, (1 Mar. 1703/4), implies she died the same year as her husband Francis..."They were near 80 years old when they dyed: & it is now 18 years since." Unfortunately, the time span he mentions does not prove Christian died in 1684 but rather 1686. His referral to "18 years since" could refer not to the death of his parents but to the death of his last surviving parent, Christian, in 1686.
      <3> p. 106, "Bowman gives his date of death as 20 Aug. although in checking the reference given (MD 16:62) it clearly says 10 [underlined] Aug.
      <4> p. 106, Four unnamed children...."
      Mayflower Births & Deaths, Vol. I: p. 111:
      "Footnotes for John Billington:
      REFERENCE LIST:
      GENEALOGICAL ARTICLES PERTAINING TO BILLINGTON FAMILY RESEARCH
      Mayflower Descendant (MD) (1899-1937)
      15:247-253 - Washburn Notes: Will of John Washburn
      Mayflower Quarterly (MQ) (1975-1990)
      46:14-15 - Presidential Mayflower Connections (correction - MQ 46:197)
      48:67-71 - Esther (Carpenter)(Bardeen) Bowen, An Elusive Billington Descendant
      49:170-179 - The Martins of Swansea & The Martins of Rehoboth
      50:21-30 - Judah Fuller6, The Bloomer's Daughter
      50:71-76 - The Additional Children of Joseph & Mercy (Canedy) Williams & Their Migrations to
      Western MA & Groton NY
      50:180-187 - There were Three Hezekiahs, Not One, In the Round Family
      51:196-198 - The Family of Jabez & Renew (Carpenter) Round, A John Billington Line
      52:137-143 - Desire Billington and Her Grandfather Francis Billington's Estate
      Miscellaneous
      Mayflower Families In Progress: John Billington of the Mayflower and His Descendants for Five Generations (MFIP), pub. by General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1988.
      NEHGR 124:116 - Francis Billington of Lincolnshire
      TG 3:228-248 - Some Descendants of Francis Billington of the Mayflower
      * * * * * * * * * * *
      **Now available: Mayflower Families Through Five Generations: John Billington of the Mayflower
      (MF5G), pub. by General Society of Mayflower Descendants. 1991."
      Mayflower Families Through Five Generations, Volume Twenty One, John Billington, General Society of Mayflower Descendants 1620 Plymouth 1857,
      p. 6-7:
      "SECOND GENERATION
      2 FRANCIS 2 BILLINGTON (John 1)
      b. England, prob. Lincolnshire, about 1606 to 1609; d. Middleboro 3 Dec. 1684 "aged 80."
      He m. Plymouth July 1634 CHRISTIAN (PENN) EATON, b. England ca. 1607; d. Middleboro ca. 1684. She m. (1) Plymouth 1624 or 1625 Pilgrim Francis Eaton, b. England; d. Plymouth between 25 Oct. and 8 Nov. 1633; by whom she had three children: Rachel, Benjamin and another, living in 1651, whose name is unknown.
      Francis Billington lived at Plymouth until 1669 when he moved to Middleboro and occupied land granted to him as one of the "First Comers." He lived htere until his death, except for a few years during King Philip's War when he fled to Plymouth for safety. On 18 April 1642 his daughter Elizabeth was apprenticed; and 14 January 1642/3 he bound out son Joseph, "aged vi or vii" and two daughters, probably Martha and Mary, one five years old and the other even younger. Bradford stated in 1651 that Francis Billington had eight children.
      On 2 March 1642 Francis Billington of New Plymouth, planter, sold to Mr. John Atwood of Plymouth, land in Plymouth.
      In 1674 Francis Billington deposed that he was aged 68.
      In his old age Francis Billington was dependent on his son Isaac for support and died intestate. No probate record appears, although son Isaac petitioned the probate court in 1703/4 for title to all his father's Middleboro lands, stating he had had sole care of his parents in their old age. A Plymouth County Court Case of Sept. 1722, brought by Isaac's daughter Desire 4 (Billington) Bonney and her husband, James, shows that Francis Billington died intestate leaving issue two sons and five daughters, viz: son Joseph (eldest, who inherited a double portion) and Isaac; daughters Elizabeth, Mary, Dorcad, Mercy and Martha, with a total of eight shares in the estate. A 3 Dec. 1719 quiclaim deed from Francis's father Francis and grandfather (unnamed) Billington (Family #12), reading "my father Francis and grandfather (unnamed) Billington" seems to imply a son Francis, Jr. But in the absence of any mention of such a son in contemporaneous Plymouth records, coupled with the fact that Francis's 4 deed evidently transferred the shares of Joseph Billington, we conclude that the deed contains a clerical error. The original must have read "my father Joseph [underlined] and grandfather Francis [underlined] Billington." Indications are that the seven children named in the Bonney suit and their progeny were the only survivors of Francis 2 Billington. A more detailed account has been published.
      Children (BILLINGTON) all b. probably Plymouth:
      3 i ELIZABETH 3 b. 10 July 1635
      4 ii JOSEPH b. 1636 (bef. 2 Feb. 1636/7)
      5 iii MARTHA b. ca. 1638
      6 iv MARY b. ca. 1640
      7 v ISAAC b. ca. 1644 (based on age at d.)
      vi child d. y.
      vii REBECCA b. 8 June 1648; dvidently d.y.
      8 viii DORCAS b. ca. 1650
      9 ix MERCY prob. unnamed dau. b. 25 Feb. 1651/2"
      Mayflower Deeds & Probates:
      Francis BILLINGTON to William CROW.
      ...30 July 1666, Francis & Christian BILLINGTON deed land to William CROW."
      Mayflower Dees & Probates - Petition:
      "Francis Billington2 (John1)
      Petitioner of Issac BILLINGTON. ,Plymouth Co. PR #2001>
      ...1 Mar. 1703/4...A true Narrative or Relation or A Bill of Changes drawn up by Isaac BILLINGTON and his wife Hannah...concerning the great expence & charge they were at, in keeping their aged parents, Francis & Christian BILLINGTON, late of Middleborough in the County of Plymouth in New England, deceased; for the space of 7 years, even to their Death & Burail. They were near 80 years old when they dyed; & it is now 18 years since. Soon after ye former, never to be forgotten, improverishing indian Warrs, my aged Father, Francis BILLINGTON, came to me and told me he must return again to Middleborugh for he could no longer subsist at Plymouthy, & urged me with ye greatest importunity to goe with hi8m, alledging that he should perish if I did not, for there his lands & livings were; whereupon (tho then I lived comfortably at Marshfield) I removed with my family to Middleborough to take care off & provide for my aged Parents, according to their request. And did for near ye space of 7 years provide both house, food and apparal for them & kept them both in sickness & health; & at death was at ye charge of ye funerall; Ant Lieut. TOMPSON then Selectman of ye Town promised me that if I would take care of them & not suffer them to want, I should have all ye estate that my father left at his decease & whatever divisions & allotments of lands might fall to him & his heirs, should be mine; And if I did not take care of them all must be sold by ye Selectmen for their relief. And indeed what my Parents left at their decease was but a small recompence, for ye great charge and trouble that I was at, for near seaven years together; which if I should reckon by six shillings pr week would amount to above ten times ye value of all the lands. Now mmy humble request to ye honoured Court is, that (seeing I can have no other recompence by ye lands) it may be settled upon me & mine; That none of ye rest of ye relation, seing that never did any thing towards releiving them in their wants, may trouble me or mine in our peaceable & quiet possession of those late divisions of lands, falling to my deceased father, which I have purchased at so dear a rate...Signed by Issac & Hannah BILLINGTON."
      Mayflower Deeds & Probates 61 (Washburn), Fn: Re Francis Billington: Issac Billington & Joseph Billington:
      <1> .58, Since there has arisen some question as to the accuracy of the clerk's copy of this deed, I have left out the name in question so as not to compound the error and confuse the family researcher. While the clerk's copoy says "my Honoured Father Francis BILLINGTON" and does not name the Grandfather, it should probably be the other way around - "my Honoured Father" and "my Honoured Grandfather Francis BILLINGTON". The grandfather in question, Francis2 had only two sons, Isaac & Joseph, he did not have a son Francis. See MF5G 5:50 and MQ 52:133."
      Mayflower Births & Deaths, Vol I, page 110, Footnote:
      "Christian (Penn) Eaton is said to have died c 1684 (Stoddard:115 says July 1684).
      The petition of her son, Isaac Billington, (1 Mar. 1703/4), implies she died the same year as her husband Francis..."They were near 80 years old when they dyed; & it is now 18 years since." Unfortunately, the time span he mentions does not prove Christian died in 1684 but rather 1686. His referral to "18 years since" could refer not to the death of his parents but to the death of his last surviving parent, Christian, in 1686. "
      d. July 1684 in Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts.
      d. Abt. 1684, Middleboro, Plymouth Co, MA.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1359] Mayflower Families Through Five Generations - Vol 9 - Francis Eaton, pages 1-4.

    2. [S1374] The Pilgrim Migration, pages 187-189.

    3. [S1359] Mayflower Families Through Five Generations - Vol 9 - Francis Eaton, pages 102-103.

    4. [S1358] Mayflower Families Through Five Generations - Vol 21 - John Billington, pages 1-33.

    5. [S641] Find A Grave, 11 August 2017; Christian Penn Eaton Billington; Christian Penn Eaton Billington; 34795930; Linda Mac.

    6. [S1374] The Pilgrim Migration, pages 56-58.


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